Have you ever experienced pain starting in the buttock and radiating to the back of the thigh and down to the calf or foot? That pain could be sciatica. Lets us understand what is sciatica, its causes and how to get relieve from sciatica pain and what is the best treatment for sciatica in this article.
The sciatic nerve is the thickest nerve in the body. Sciatica is described as the pain developed due to irritation and compression of sciatic nerve. It radiates along the path from your lower back and buttocks down to each leg. The pain can vary from moderate to severe and weakness and numbness can be experienced in these areas. About 40 percent of people suffer from Sciatica at some point in their lives. It causes muscle weakness in the foot and hamstring muscles and tingling in leg, foot and toes.
Spine Infections: Spine infection can lead to abscess formation that creates pressure on the nerve roots and leads to sciatica pain
It is advisable to treat sciatica at the initial stages only to avoid progression of symptoms.
A) Nonsurgical Sciatica Treatment
Acute sciatic nerve conditions are generally treated by non-surgical treatments. The non surgical sciatica treatment is a combination of physical therapy,medications, therapeutic injections and alternative therapies which provides a cure in about 4 to 6 weeks.
Trained health professionals and physical therapists formulate an effective non surgical sciatica treatment plan which includes certain exercise. These exercises provide relief from sciatic pain and increase core strength.
Medications are the second step which is used to relieve sciatic pain. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, oral steroids,anticonvulsant medications, antidepressants and opioid analgesics are generally prescribed by the doctor for a short duration.
Chiropractic and massage therapy are techniques used to address the underlying cause of sciatic nerve pain that can be herniated discs or spinal stenosis. Massaging improves the blood circulations and relaxes the tight muscles that can be a contributing factor for pain. Massage induces the release of endorphins which acts as natural pain relievers.
Some common injections such as Epidural steroid injections and selective nerve blocks are administered for controlling the inflammatory response around the sciatic nerve and reduce the production of inflammatory cells in the body. Selective nerve root blocks provide instant relief from the pain and inflammation in some cases.
B) Surgical Sciatica Treatment
Surgery for sciatica is needed if the pain persists for a long duration even after several non- surgical sciatica treatments.Microdiscectomy
It is a common approach used for treating sciatica caused by a lumbar disc herniation. It is a minimally invasive technique done by making small incisions and causing minimal damage to the surrounding tissues.Minimally invasive Lumbar decompression
It is usually done to treat the sciatica pain caused by lumbar spinal stenosis. In this, all part of the lamina is removed making more space for the spinal nerves. It provides relief from nerve root compressions and irritation.
There are several other surgical approaches such as foraminotomy, facetectomy, lamino-foraminotomy, laminectomy that are performed depending upon the cause of sciatic pain.
We at Pune spine Institute are leading expert in treating spinal problems and injuries. We have the best sciatica pain specialists who will help you understand the causes and choices of sciatica treatment better. Register or walk-in today to experience the difference.
A.    During pregnancy, a bundle of nerves gets pressed between the growing baby and pelvic bones that causes sciatica.
A.    If you experience severe pain in lower back and numbness in your leg or your symptoms have been present for more than 3 weeks or you haveanytrouble controlling the bowels or bladder than you should visit a doctor as these may the symptoms of worsening of sciatica and impending nerve damage.